Thursday, June 13, 2013
Monday, May 27, 2013
To do some low level check on websites, I'd usually use telnet to compose a http requests against the server. The main intention is to talk directly to the server port to make sure the problem we have not caused by some higher level application. For example, to connect to server and issue a GET request:-
telnet k4ml.github.io 80 Trying 188.8.131.52... Connected to github.map.fastly.net. Escape character is '^]'. GET / Connection closed by foreign host.
There's always a problem with telnet. In the above example, I can only issue a GET request without having a chance to add other HTTP headers such as HOST before the server close the connection. Some websites also time out very quickly when they are not receiving any data after establishing connection. And since the above command is in interactive session, it's not repeatable or scripted. Using
nc seem to be much better.
Specify the virtual host:-
echo -en "HEAD / HTTP/1.1\r\nHOST: k4ml.github.io\r\n\r\n" | nc k4ml.github.io 80
You'll get the output as:-
HTTP/1.1 200 OK Server: GitHub.com Content-Type: text/html Last-Modified: Fri, 12 Apr 2013 23:26:51 GMT Expires: Sun, 26 May 2013 19:40:06 GMT Cache-Control: max-age=600 Content-Length: 9991 Accept-Ranges: bytes Date: Sun, 26 May 2013 19:30:07 GMT Via: 1.1 varnish Age: 0 Connection: keep-alive X-Served-By: cache-s34-SJC2 X-Cache: MISS X-Cache-Hits: 0 X-Timer: S1369596606.987305880,VS0,VE145 Vary: Accept-Encoding
echo -en "HEAD / HTTP/1.1\r\n\r\n" | nc k4ml.github.io 80
And the output:-
HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request Server: GitHub.com Content-Type: text/html Content-Length: 166 Accept-Ranges: bytes Date: Sun, 26 May 2013 19:32:16 GMT Via: 1.1 varnish Age: 0 Connection: keep-alive X-Served-By: cache-s35-SJC2 X-Cache: MISS X-Cache-Hits: 0 X-Timer: S1369596736.277374744,VS0,VE72 Vary: Accept-Encoding
It allow us to fully compose the request and then send it through the opened connection nc created.
Wednesday, April 18, 2012
Sunday, April 15, 2012
File "lxml.etree.pyx", line 123, in init lxml.etree (src/lxml/lxml.etree.c:160385) TypeError: encode() argument 1 must be string without null bytes, not unicode"It unlikely problem with the encoding of the content I want to parse because it just importing the module and I'm not calling any function that do the parsing yet. Almost giving up in my search until I found this answer on Stackoverflow. It turn out on console I'm using Python 2.6 while mod_wsgi, which run the django app is compiled against python 2.7.
Saturday, February 11, 2012
When restoring my postgresql dump to the new hosting, got error that saying plpgsql language already exists. This probably because my hosting already setup plpgsql in all databases by default while dump consist a line to create the language extension. Googling around, I found out that pg_restore provide what they call list file that list out what kind of object should be restored. So the first step is to generate the list file out of your database dump:-
pg_restore -l db.dump > db.listdb.dump is your database dump file and when specifying -l option, the output would be list of object to restore. We save that list in db.list file. Now we can open up db.list with any text editor and comment out the line that mention the creation of plpgsql. The list file should look something like:-
3178; 1262 1525521 DATABASE - cc_live myname 6; 2615 1313721 SCHEMA - audit myname 7; 2615 1313722 SCHEMA - cct myname 3; 2615 2200 SCHEMA - public postgres 3179; 0 0 COMMENT - SCHEMA public postgres 3180; 0 0 ACL - public postgres ;1007; 2612 1313725 PROCEDURAL LANGUAGE - plpgsql myname 639; 1247 1313728 TYPE cct daily_sale myname 641; 1247 1313729 DOMAIN public bigint_unsigned mynameSo we comment out (by putting semicolon at the beginning of the line) plpgsql object. Then we restoring the dump, we specify the list file to pg_restore:-
pg_restore -x -O -L db.list db.dump | psql new_dbThis is useful if the dump file very large or using the archive format which mean you can't edit it directly with editor. The list file supposed to be editable.
Thursday, January 12, 2012
$ telnet localhost 25 Trying 127.0.0.1... Connected to localhost. Escape character is '^]'. 220 example.com ESMTP helo 250 example.com mail from:firstname.lastname@example.org 250 ok rcpt to:email@example.com 250 ok data 354 go ahead Subject: OTA ota ajaj. . 250 ok 1326364891 qp 1790 quit 221 example.comThe mail server in this case running qmail. If the email is bounced, the returned email may end up in your spam folder as the sender domain does not match, we send this from localhost instead of from gmail.com.
Wednesday, November 23, 2011
Emacs orgmode I think pretty much close to what I want. That just a guess since I just gleaned over it's features and what people are saying about it. But to learn emacs just to use this is a bit too much. I took note in vim in outline mode - that's how my mental mode work. It would be nice if vim can record the time whenever I add new outline. Most of the todo lists or time tracker out there only allow you to define simple title and explanation of the task. If that was web based app, don't ever think of having some outlining support.
Then I noticed that it quite easy for me to rebuild my mental state on what I have done throughout the day by looking at my svn commit log or the skype chat log with my colleagues. So I stop looking for the tools and just used the history browser of our svn to compose my daily report. It work well except that not all tasks would have a commit log - or in other word something that has svn repository. I might be doing some server config or work in some web interface and all these not related to any of our svn repo.
The skype chat log gave me an idea that I maybe can use it to track my time. Each post got a time stamp so it perfect. But to whom should I chat with ? Setup new fake account ? Possible but I think there must be a better way. Enter IRC. I used irssi as my irc client and since it console based app, that mean almost no context switch in order to use it. It just few SHIFT+Arrow key away from the current console. To use public irc server for this definitely no-no. Setting up the whole irc server seem a bit over kill although is much easier nowadays thanks to apt-get.
Searching around, I found hircd - python code (in 400 lines) implementing basic IRC server. Simply run the python code and fire up irssi to connect to localhost. It just work. Automate some tasks such as automatically joining a channel, autolog on and I'm ready to go. If you work on multiple project and want to split the log, we can just create new channel but for now I stay in single channel as it easy to keep track.